The Future of Gender Designation in U.S. Legal Documents

By: Fae Patton* *The author is an employee of the U.S. Department of State. She contributed to this article in her personal capacity. The views expressed in the article are her own and do not reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Department of State, or the U.S. government. Recently, California became the […]

“And What Was Your Previous Salary?”: How One Question Can Perpetuate the Wage Gap

By: Yasmin Pajouhesh When interviewing prospective employees, employers commonly ask applicants about their prior salary.  While this practice may seem harmless and common, it actually allows for the wage gap between men and women to persist.[1]  The question about prior salary allows for anchoring to take place.  Anchoring is when women are perpetually paid lower salaries […]

A Pesky Law Might Allow the President to Waive Environmental Review to Replace a Part of the U.S.-Mexico Border Wall

By: Alison Shlom   The Trump campaign promised to strengthen the U.S.-Mexico border walls.[1] The House of Representatives recently approved the administration’s request for $1.6 billion, part of which will replace fourteen miles of the border wall in Calexico, CA, where nearly 32,000 arrests occurred in 2016.[2] There are currently three lawsuits regarding the waiver […]

The ADA Education and Reform Act of 2017: When Businesses are Prioritized Over Civil Rights

By: Marissa Ditkowsky A bill introduced in the House of Representatives that would alter the Americans with Disabilities Act enforcement policies for public accommodations owned by private entities is gaining traction.[1] The bill has been marked up in committee, and is already receiving considerable support.[2] The bill currently has 58 bipartisan co-sponsors.[3] The trajectory for […]

Peru’s Human Rights Setbacks

By: Zuleika Rivera With the passing of Edith Windsor one cannot help but think about the LGTBQI movement in the United States and how much progress was made in the last few years.[1] Strategic litigation was crucial in the passage of progressive laws including the Supreme Court’s decision in Obergefell v. Hodges[2], but we must […]

Costly Consequences: The Implications of the Ninth Circuit’s Interpretation of the Clean Water Act

By: Elizabeth Platt Congress enacted the Clean Water Act (CWA) to restore and maintain the nation’s waters.[1] The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) is the primary system for issuing permits and controlling point sources.[2] NPDES permits are issued one of two ways. Either, the EPA administrator may issue permits,[3] or EPA may authorize a […]

The UCCJEA and Shari’ah Law

By: Samuel Jay It would be absurd to declare that a religion violates fundamental principles of human rights, but that’s where section 105(C) of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act (“UCCJEA”) puts courts in the United States of America.[1] Under this section of the UCCJEA, a court can refuse to recognize a foreign country’s jurisdiction […]